Source code for bayespy.inference.vmp.nodes.gate

################################################################################
# Copyright (C) 2014 Jaakko Luttinen
#
# This file is licensed under the MIT License.
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"""
"""

import numpy as np

from bayespy.utils import misc

from .node import Node, Moments
from .deterministic import Deterministic
from .categorical import CategoricalMoments
from .concatenate import Concatenate


[docs]class Gate(Deterministic): """ Deterministic gating of one node. Gating is performed over one plate axis. Note: You should not use gating for several variables which parents of a same node if the gates use the same gate assignments. In such case, the results will be wrong. The reason is a general one: A stochastic node may not be a parent of another node via several paths unless at most one path has no other stochastic nodes between them. """
[docs] def __init__(self, Z, X, gated_plate=-1, moments=None, **kwargs): """ Constructor for the gating node. Parameters ---------- Z : Categorical-like node A variable which chooses the index along the gated plate axis X : node The node whose plate axis is gated gated_plate : int (optional) The index of the plate axis to be gated (by default, -1, that is, the last axis). """ if gated_plate >= 0: raise ValueError("Cluster plate must be negative integer") self.gated_plate = gated_plate if moments is not None: X = self._ensure_moments( X, moments.__class__, **moments.get_instance_conversion_kwargs() ) if not isinstance(X, Node): raise ValueError("X must be a node or moments should be provided") X_moments = X._moments self._moments = X_moments dims = X.dims if len(X.plates) < abs(gated_plate): raise ValueError("The gated node does not have a plate axis is " "gated") K = X.plates[gated_plate] Z = self._ensure_moments(Z, CategoricalMoments, categories=K) self._parent_moments = (Z._moments, X_moments) if Z.dims != ( (K,), ): raise ValueError("Inconsistent number of clusters") self.K = K super().__init__(Z, X, dims=dims, **kwargs)
def _compute_moments(self, u_Z, u_X): """ """ u = [] for i in range(len(u_X)): # Make the moments of Z and X broadcastable and move the gated plate # to be the last axis in the moments, then sum-product over that # axis ndim = len(self.dims[i]) z = misc.add_trailing_axes(u_Z[0], ndim) z = misc.moveaxis(z, -ndim-1, -1) gated_axis = self.gated_plate - ndim if np.ndim(u_X[i]) < abs(gated_axis): x = misc.add_trailing_axes(u_X[i], 1) else: x = misc.moveaxis(u_X[i], gated_axis, -1) ui = misc.sum_product(z, x, axes_to_sum=-1) u.append(ui) return u def _compute_message_to_parent(self, index, m_child, u_Z, u_X): """ """ if index == 0: m0 = 0 # Compute Child * X, sum over variable axes and move the gated axis # to be the last. Need to do some shape changing in order to make # Child and X to broadcast properly. for i in range(len(m_child)): ndim = len(self.dims[i]) c = m_child[i][...,None] c = misc.moveaxis(c, -1, -ndim-1) gated_axis = self.gated_plate - ndim x = u_X[i] if np.ndim(x) < abs(gated_axis): x = np.expand_dims(x, -ndim-1) else: x = misc.moveaxis(x, gated_axis, -ndim-1) axes = tuple(range(-ndim, 0)) m0 = m0 + misc.sum_product(c, x, axes_to_sum=axes) # Make sure the variable axis does not use broadcasting m0 = m0 * np.ones(self.K) # Send the message m = [m0] return m elif index == 1: m = [] for i in range(len(m_child)): # Make the moments of Z and the message from children # broadcastable. The gated plate is handled as the last axis in # the arrays and moved to the correct position at the end. # Add variable axes to Z moments ndim = len(self.dims[i]) z = misc.add_trailing_axes(u_Z[0], ndim) z = misc.moveaxis(z, -ndim-1, -1) # Axis index of the gated plate gated_axis = self.gated_plate - ndim # Add the gate axis to the message from the children c = misc.add_trailing_axes(m_child[i], 1) # Compute the message to parent mi = z * c # Add extra axes if necessary if np.ndim(mi) < abs(gated_axis): mi = misc.add_leading_axes(mi, abs(gated_axis) - np.ndim(mi)) # Move the axis to the correct position mi = misc.moveaxis(mi, -1, gated_axis) m.append(mi) return m else: raise ValueError("Invalid parent index") def _compute_weights_to_parent(self, index, weights): """ """ if index == 0: return weights elif index == 1: if self.gated_plate >= 0: raise ValueError("Gated plate axis must be negative") if np.ndim(weights) >= abs(self.gated_plate): mask = np.expand_dims(weights, axis=self.gated_plate) return weights else: raise ValueError("Invalid parent index") def _compute_plates_to_parent(self, index, plates): """ """ if index == 0: return plates elif index == 1: plates = list(plates) # Add the cluster plate axis if self.gated_plate < 0: knd = len(plates) + self.gated_plate + 1 else: raise RuntimeError("Cluster plate axis must be negative") plates.insert(knd, self.K) return tuple(plates) else: raise ValueError("Invalid parent index") def _compute_plates_from_parent(self, index, plates): """ """ if index == 0: return plates elif index == 1: plates = list(plates) # Remove the cluster plate, if the parent has it if len(plates) >= abs(self.gated_plate): plates.pop(self.gated_plate) return tuple(plates) else: raise ValueError("Invalid parent index")
[docs]def Choose(z, *nodes): """Choose plate elements from nodes based on a categorical variable. For instance: .. testsetup:: from bayespy.nodes import * .. code-block:: python >>> import bayespy as bp >>> z = [0, 0, 2, 1] >>> x0 = bp.nodes.GaussianARD(0, 1) >>> x1 = bp.nodes.GaussianARD(10, 1) >>> x2 = bp.nodes.GaussianARD(20, 1) >>> x = bp.nodes.Choose(z, x0, x1, x2) >>> print(x.get_moments()[0]) [ 0. 0. 20. 10.] This is basically just a thin wrapper over applying Gate node over the concatenation of the nodes. """ categories = len(nodes) z = Deterministic._ensure_moments( z, CategoricalMoments, categories=categories ) nodes = [node[...,None] for node in nodes] combined = Concatenate(*nodes) return Gate(z, combined)